Industrialisation Strategies

Following sessions of the Working Group “Industrialisation Strategies” are scheduled to be presented at the 14th EADI General Conference:

ID Session name Date&Time Room
WGS151 An Overview of the Issues of New Donors in Africa 24/06, 2.30pm S5
WGS152 Some Case Studies of New Donors in Africa 24/06, 5pm S5


The Rush of China and India to Africa: State vs. Market Driven Development Cooperation Strategies?

Industrialization StrategiesArgumentary: Since the turn of the century, economic and financial flows between the two Asian giants and Africa have been increasing substantially (UNCTAD, World Trade Report and World Investment Report, Geneva, Annual). Rapid industrialization, GDP growth and import diversification have led both China and India to purchase more and more from Africa, especially large volumes of commodities, energy and food stuff. Exports of low cost consumer goods, engineering and equipment, chemicals and pharmaceuticals have been also rising sharply.

Development cooperation strategies of both countries vis-à-vis Africa tend to serve primarily the scale and size of their huge economic needs, and a major debate has emerged in recent years whether the Chinese and Indian strategies differ so much from the post-colonial OECD/DAC development cooperation and would better contribute to the economic and social benefit of the continent.

This international workshop explores the main drivers of China’s and India’s development cooperation in Africa. The main hypothesis refers to the Chinese approach which is based on a specific form of State capitalism, whereas the Indian strategy is more market and private sector driven – with the public sector playing a subsidiary but supplementing role. Among other reasons, it may explain why Chinese development aid in Africa is more visible and criticized. Indian cooperation is less, even though its presence is rather substantial, especially in Eastern and Southern Africa.

Call for Papers: Contributions are expected from African, Chinese, Indian, European and other academics and practitioners specialized in international development. They should cover two main areas of research as follows:

  • At the macro-level, a comparative and critical review of Chinese and Indian development cooperation strategies in Africa, using the paradigm of the role of the State versus the private sector as the main driver of such cooperation (motives, strategic approach, profile of actors, policies, projects and instruments, monitoring and evaluation),
  • At the micro-level, empirical research is still lacking and therefore much needed to deliver in-depth analysis of Chinese and Indian development cooperation in Africa in various key sectors such as agro-food and biotechnologies, chemicals and fertilizers, commodities, energy, engineering and infrastructure, health and pharmaceutics, transportation, development finance, and other services (such as ICTs, especially in the case of India).

Publication: Based on a selection and revision of papers presented at the workshop, and on a complementary call for additional contributions if needed, the two co-convening EADI Working Group chairs will envisage to publish a special issue of a scientific journal specialized in international development.  An alternative could also be to edit a collective book together with Chinese and Indian publishing partners or in the EADI book series. In conjunction with Palgrave MacMillan, EADI has recently come to an agreement to initiate a new book series focused on publishing important contributions to the literature on both theoretical and practical development research.

Conveners: Meine Pieter van Dijk (Economic Faculty, Erasmus University Rotterdam) & Arni Sverrisson (Department of Sociology, University of Stockholm)